Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle:

Reports a study that finds the amount of skeletal muscle throughout the body declines after a stroke occurring equally in patients with and without limb paresis. 21% of patients had developed cachexia one year later meaning they had lost at least 5% of their body weight. Older patients with moderately severe stroke were particularly prone to developing cachexia.

Exercise training is the most promising way to delay or prevent the progression of muscle wasting and may be a therapy option. Treatment options may also include dietary supplementation.


Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association International:

To out of three stroke survivors will experience visual impairments related to their stroke. These may include diminished central or peripheral vision, eye movement abnormalities or visual perceptual defects. Patients may not be aware that balance issues are connected to vision.

The most common visual complication is homonymous hemianopsia or a visual field defect on the same side of each eye accompanied by a visual midline shift. This shift can directly affect posture, balance and spatial orientation and it will significantly increase the risk of falls.  Visual rehab can go a long way in maximizing the vision the patient has.